This one needs some supervision, but it's awfully fun. Get some paraffin and melt it (I usually boil some water in a big pot and put the paraffin in an old coffee can inside the pot of water). Fill some water balloons (the small little balloons) with water. Take old crayons and melt them into the paraffin to color it. Dip the water balloon (holding the tied end) into the melted paraffin -- keep the paraffin about half an inch from the top of the balloon. If you keep a bucket of cold water beside the hot dipping water, it works great to dip in one then in the other, to cool it. Just keep dipping until there is a thick layer of paraffin around the balloon. Let it dry overnight and harden. Then pop the balloon, and fill the shell with more melted paraffin and a wick. The candles turn out really cool shapes. As I said, this isn't an unsupervised project, but it's awfully fun!
FRAGRANT SOAP BALLS
Have children make homemade soap balls to give as a holiday gift or just as a middle of the year surprise to someone special in their lives.
Use water to moisten Ivory Snow Flakes to the consistency of a very stiff dough. Divide the dough into several bowls. Add a different perfume and food coloring to each bowl for variety.
Have children shape large spoonfuls of the soap into balls. Have them make about three balls each. Place the balls on trays (labeled with their modeler's name!) to harden for several days.
Have each child wrap their three soap balls in colored cellophane paper and tie the package with a pretty ribbon.
FRUIT FLAVORED STAMPS
1 tablespoon fruit-flavored gelatin mix (with sugar)
2 tablespoons hot water
Glossy pictures cut from magazines, mailings, old posters...
Place the gelatin in a small bowl, add hot water, and stir until dissolved. While the "stamp glue" is still warm, spread onto the back of paper with fingers or a brush. The stamps may take several hours to dry. If they curl, flatten them by placing the dry stamps between the pages of a heavy book. When ready to use, lick the back of the stamp and stick it to paper.
FUNNY FACE MAKE-UP
2 t while shortening
5 t cornstarch
1 t white flour
4 drops glycerin
few drops of food coloring
In a small bowl, mix shortening, cornstarch and white flour. Add four drops of glycerin. Stir to a creamy consistency. Add any food coloring that you wish. For brown make-up, add 2 1/2 t of unsweetened cocoa instead of food coloring.
WHITE FACE PAINT FORMULA FOR FACE PAINTING
2 teaspoons White shortening
5 teaspoons Corn starch
1 teaspoon White flour
Use rubber spatula, blend first 3 ingredients on a plate to form a smooth paste. Add 3-4 drops of glycerin for creamy consistency. Any food coloring can be added. For brown beards, or caveman styles, just add 2-1/2 tsp cocoa to the above mixture.
SPICY APPLESAUCE ORNAMENTS
3/4 cup ground cinnamon
1 cup applesauce
1 tablespoon ground nutmeg
1 tablespoon ground allspice
1 tablespoon ground cloves
Roll out the dough to a 1/4 inch thickness (dust the tabletop and rolling pin with cinnamon to prevent sticking). Let the children use cookie cutters to cut shapes out of the dough. Place the shapes on waxed paper. If you plan to hang, poke a hole in the top of each shape. Allow the shapes to air-dry for several days (or bake them on a cookie sheet for several hours at 250 degrees). Turn the shapes often to prevent curling. To complete the spicy ornaments, tie on loops of ribbon or yarn for hangers.
2 C. Water
2 C. plus 2 heaping tablespoons Plaster of Paris
2 Tbl Tempera Paint (Wet or Dry)
Toilet Paper Tubes with duct tape over one end ( i prefer to use dixie cups...much less messy)
Combine and stir together. Let stand a few minutes. Place tubes on cookie sheet lined with foil or wax paper. Pour mixture into holders, let stand until semi-firm. Remove holders and let dry completely - ready to use in about 1 to 1 ½ hrs. (reminder, never pour plaster down sink)
SIDEWALK CHALK #2
1 cup plaster or paris -- (do not pack)
1/3 to 1/2 cup water -- cool
liquid Tempera paints -- any color
Pour plaster into a disposable container (i.e. margarine container or large paper cup.) Stir in most of the water. Add 2-3 tablespoons of liquid tempera, mixing well, especially at the bottom. Add a little more water as the mixture thickens. Stir well and pour into containers. Three-ounce paper cups work well. Peel paper off when the chalk is dry.
Save small pieces of old crayons. Peel and break into pieces. Mix colors and place in cupcake liners in muffin tins. Place muffin tin in warm oven that has been turned off. Remove from the oven when the crayons are squishy but not liquid. Let cool. Use as you would any crayon.
1 cup cornstarch
4 cups water
1/3 cup sugar
large ziploc bags
Mix all of the above ingredients together into a large fry pan. Cook until thickened. Remove and stir until cool and add coloring. Make three or four different colors of rainbow stew. Put two different colors into a large ziploc bag. Push the air out of the bags, seal and duct tape to top of ziploc bag. Let the children squeeze the bag and see what happens. This will keep for about 2 weeks. This is a wonderful lesson on primary color mixing.
PAPIER-MÂCHÉ with Dryer Lint
3 cups dryer lint
2/3 cup flour
2 cups water
Mix water and lint together in a large saucepan, stirring well. Slowly add flour, mixing well. Cook over medium heat, stirring constantly until mixture holds together, forming peaks. Use mixture over a base, such as a box, balloon or bottle, spreading like papier-mâché. Dry 4 - 5 days. Store unused air tight. Keeps only 4 - 5 days.
PAPIER-MÂCHÉ - 1
1/2 cup flour
2 cups cold water
2 cups boiling water
3 TBS. sugar
Combine the flour and cold water. Add that mixture to a saucepan of boiling water - bring to a boil remove from heat and stir in sugar. Let it cool; it will thicken as it cools. Once cooled, it is ready to use. Great for piñata's.
PAPIER-MÂCHÉ PULP - 2 (Soft)
suggested age for use - 4 & up; does not need cooking before use; projects may be sun dried
tissues or toilet paper
Thin paste (recipe will follow) or white glue
Crumble napkins or tissue. Cover with Thin Paste or white glue. Model to desired shape. Hint: Will not store--must be used immediately.
PAPIER-MÂCHÉ - 3 (MASH)
models like clay---dries hard and durable; suggested for ages 4 & up; projects may be air dried; cooking needed in preparation; adult supervision needed for all ages; art objects can be baked for permanence.
1 cup wheat flour
1/2 gallon water
4 drops cinnamon oil
1 large cooking pot
poster or tempera paint
shellac or varnish
colander or wire strainer
1. fill bowl with newspaper pieces 1/2" x 1 1/2"
2. boil water in large pot
3. add newspaper pieces to pot stirring constantly with slotted spoon
4. cook over medium heat 20 minutes until broken down
5. stir occasionally
6. beat with electric mixer until smooth
7. strain through colander, but do not squeeze
8. return paper to pot
9. add flour, mix well, and return to heat on low
10. cook until stiff enough to stand in piles
11. mix in oil of cinnamon
12. pour onto thick newspaper to cool
13. model as with clay
14. allow several days to dry or, bake at 200 until dry
15. when dry, sand until smooth, and paint
16. then shellac or varnish
1. makes enough mash for 1 project (quadruple to make larger objects)
2. dries to hard, durable finish
1. cover jars, bottles, blocks of wood
2. cover boxes to make furniture, 1/2" thick
PAPIER-MÂCHÉ -4 (TISSUE)
colored tissues are a pretty papier-mâché; suggested for ages 4 & up; no cooking needed before use; projects can air dry.
tissues (optional, colored tissue)
bowl or bucket
1. tear tissues into pieces or strips
2. soak in starch until mushy in bowl or bucket
3. add liquid glue until pulp holds a form
4. squeeze out excess starch
7. paint if desired
cover a form such as-
1. balls of newspaper
2. a milk carton
3. a balloon
PAPIER- MACHE- 5 (Resin papier-mâché paste)
1/2 cup flour
1/4 cup powdered resin glue
1/2 cup warm water
1 1/2 cups hot water
4 drops of oil of wintergreen
Mix flour and resin glue in a saucepan. Make a paste with 1/2 cup of warm water. Add hot water, stiffing vigorously to prevent lumps. Cook over low heat, stirring constantly until thick, clear and smooth. Makes about 1 pint. Use paste within a few days of preparation. It gives a very hard finish to papier-mâché projects and is good to use in making large permanent objects.
PAPIER-MACHE- 6 (STRIP PAPIER-MÂCHÉ)
Traditional and proven; projects may sun dry; no cooking is needed in prep; suggested age for use - 5 & up.
wallpaper paste or thin glue paste (see soft papier-mâché recipe)
balloon, jar, or light bulb
1. tear newspaper into long thin strips from the fold down
2. lay paper strips on a pad of newspaper and cover one side of strips with paste OR pull through paste, squeezing off extra paste with fingers
3. cover a base such as a balloon, jar, or light bulb with paste covered newspaper strips hint: lay strips in one direction
4. apply second layer of strips, running these across first layer
5. continue for 4 or 5 layers
6. allow 1 to 2 days to dry
1. build a shape of newspaper tubes and form strips over this base
2. use to build puppets, piñatas, animals or other articles
1/3 cup flour
2 tablespoons sugar
1 cup water
1/4 teaspoon oil of peppermint or oil of wintergreen
Mix flour and sugar. Gradually add water, stirring vigorously. cook over low heat until clear stirring constantly. Remove from stove and add oil of peppermint. Stir until well blended. How to use: Spread with a brush or tongue depressor. This paste can be stored in a covered jar for several weeks without refrigeration.
suggested age for use- 3 & up; needs cooking in preparation; stores several months- use with Soft papier-mâché Pulp.
1/4 cup sugar
1/4 cup flour
1/2 t. alum
1 3/4 cup water
1/4 t. oil of cinnamon (optional)
brush or tongue depressor
Mix sugar, flour, and alum in pan. Add 1 cup water gradually, stirring vigorously. Boil until clear and smooth, stirring. Add remaining water, and oil of cinnamon. Stir. Spread with brush or tongue depressor.
HINTS: Makes 1 pint; stores for several months without refrigeration.
1/2 cup rubbing alcohol
Mix alcohol and food coloring in bowl. Add small amounts of any type of pasta to liquid and gently stir. Dry on newspapers covered with wax paper. Do not allow children to eat pasta or drink alcohol.
NOODLE DYE FOR NOODLE BEADS & COLLAGES
One pint pasta or rice
Two teaspoons food coloring
Three teaspoons rubbing alcohol
Mix food coloring and rubbing alcohol together in a container. Add the pasta and cover with lid. Slowly shake the container, making sure you cover all the pasta with color. Spread the pasta on the cookie sheet in a single layer. Allow to dry for several hours.
Glass quart jar
Noodles of choice
1/4 cup rubbing alcohol
Put noodles in jar, add alcohol and food coloring mix to desired vibrancy. Turn gently to color. Lay out on paper towels and let alcohol evaporate.
LICK 'EM STICK 'EM
Gelatin (any flavor)
Boil 2 Tbs. gelatin with 2 Tbs. water. When cool apply to back or picture cutouts with fingertip. When it dries, lick the back and stick it down. This works only with shiny magazine pictures.
Place several broken crayon pieces into a muffin tin, put into oven long enough to melt, turn off the oven and leave in the oven or take out very carefully so as not to mix colors if you are making multi-colored crayons.
CORN STARCH ART
Combine 3 Tablespoons cornstarch with 1/4 cup of cold water in a bowl. Stir until smooth. Add two drops of dishwashing liquid. Pour 1 cup of boiling water into the bowl and stir until the mixture thickens. Add food coloring and let cool. Use as you would finger paint.
1/2 cup of cornstarch in a small bowl. (a small margarine tub works well.) I gave them each a small container containing 1/4 cup of water. They mixed it in a teaspoon at a time noticing the changes each time. When it was all mixed in I played with it too. What a weird feeling. It was an amazing sensory experience. For the record I did this with kids aged 16 months (loved it) 18 months (HATED it) 22 months (loved it) 2 x 3 years (indifferent) and almost 6 (loved it). It was a great activity.
COLOURFUL CREATIVE SALT
Add 5-6 drops food coloring to 1/2 cup household salt. Stir well. Cook in microwave for 1-2 minutes or spread on waxed paper and let air dry. Store in an airtight container. Use as you would glitter.
Combine 1 large bottle (4.12 oz.) ground cinnamon (about 1 cup) with 3/4 cup applesauce to form a stiff dough, adding additional applesauce if necessary. Roll out dough to 1/4-inch thickness. Cut with cookie cutter. Make hole for ribbon. Carefully place of wire rack to dry. Let air dry several days, Turning occasionally. Makes 12 ornaments.
CLAY RECIPE FOR CHRISTMAS ORNAMENTS (OVEN DRYING)
4 cups flour
1 cup salt
1 teaspoon powdered alum
1 1/2 cups water
If too dry, work in tablespoon of water with hands. Dough can be colored by dividing it into several parts and kneading a drop or two of food coloring into each part. TO ROLL: Roll 1/8" thick on lightly flowed board. Cut with cookie cutters dipped in flour. Make a hole in the top 1/4" down, for hanging, by using the end of a plastic straw dipped in flour. Shave the dots of clay from the straw and press on as decorations.
BREAD DOUGH RECIPE
This is an easy recipe that you may want to mix up yourself...when you do it...it starts to seem like it is not going to work then all of a sudden you have the most wonderful dough. It is 8 slices of bread and 1/2 to 1 Cup of white glue. You can remove the crust if you want "pure" white dough or you can leave it on and it will have a "wheat" color to it. I start with 1/2 Cup of glue and add more as needed. You can get more specific recipes from the library in the craft section under bread dough art. We made people in our family (stick people) and they turned out really cute.
MAKING A CHOCOLATE ROSE
Have the kid’s roll 10 marble-sized balls out of the chocolate clay. Place the balls on a waxed paper sheet, about 1-inch apart. Place another waxed paper sheet on top. Big or little thumbs can press each marble into a flat disk (about the size of a quarter). Use some pressure!
To form the rose:
Remove 1 disk and curl it into a "teepee" shape, narrow at the top and wider at the bottom. Wrap the next disk around the opening of the teepee and the third disk at the back of the teepee. This is the rose bud. Continue adding disks, which will look like petals. Continue to layer them to create a rose in bloom. Roses can be used as edible decorations for a cake or to create a basketful of blooms. They will harden after a few days and can be saved by storing in a cool, dry place.
Mix about equal parts of applesauce and cinnamon.... Add cinnamon until the dough is stiff, and not sticky....refrigerate....when ready to use...roll out onto surface that has been sprinkled with more cinnamon powder....to keep it from sticking. Let air dry...or dry in SLOW oven....if it dries too fast it will crack. Decorate as desired. We made cinnamon hearts for Valentines Day for our moms...and put magnets on the back for their fridge and plus we made some more cinnamon bears and put their names on it with the left over dough.
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PLAYDOUGH, CLAY AND GOOP!!
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